ISAAC BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN (second half of 13th century), Spanish kabbalist. He was born in Soria and was related to shem tov b. abraham ibn gaon . He traveled through Spain and Provence together with his brother jacob and also on his own and collected the traditions of the elder kabbalists there. Isaac was among the leading spokesmen of the Gnostic circle in Spanish Kabbalah; his books are full of important material having no counterpart in his colleagues' works; but some of it was incorporated as well as freely edited by his pupil moses b. solomon of burgos . Isaac's writings include (1) a treatise on aẓilut ("emanation"; Madda'ei ha-Yahadut, 2 (1927), 244–64; other excerpts in Ha-Ẓofeh, 13 (1929), 261 and in Kitvei Yad be-Kabbalah (1930), 69–70). Another edition of this treatise was edited with additions and elaborations of several passages by Moses of Burgos (Tarbiz, 5 (1934), 190–6); (2) Perush al Merkevet Yeḥezkel ("Commentary on Ezekiel's Chariot," Tarbiz, 2 (1932), 188–218, and additions from the elaborations of Moses of Burgos; Tarbiz, 5 (182–90). This commentary was mistakenly inserted in the commentary of moses de leon on the merkabah in his Mishkan ha-Edut in some manuscripts; (3) Ta'amei ha-Nekuddot ve-Ta'amei ha-Te'amim ("On vowels and accents") on which no author's name appears but whose content and language prove the identity of the author (Madda'ei ha-Yahadut, 2 (1927), 265–75); (4) Inyan Gadol Meva'er Keẓat Ma'aseh Merkavah ("An important theme, which explains part of the mystery of the chariot"; ibid., 279–84); (5) a commentary on the Torah seen by Isaac b. Samuel of Acre; (6) a speculative work which belonged to shem tov ibn shem tov explaining the doctrine of the Sefirot and connecting it with neoplatonic ideas; some quotations from it are quoted by Shem Tov ibn Shem Tov (ibid., 276–9).   isaac albalag mentions Isaac among the three most famous and most authoritative kabbalists of his generation and indeed in several manuscripts of his major treatise he is called "Paragon of the Generation." His treatise on emanation contains the first formulation of the doctrine of left emanation (see kabbalah ) according to pseudepigraphic sources. This article is composed of different parts, apparently letters which he wrote to his colleagues at different times, and they contain parallel and different versions of this doctrine. As can be seen from his commentary on Ezekiel 1 and remnants of his theoretical book, he had a complete system on the hierarchy of the worlds which came to him from neoplatonic sources in different channels: olam ha-mitboded ("the transcendent world of divine unity"), olam ha-yeẓirah ("the world of formation") which is also called olam ha-madda ("the world of cognition"), olam ha-nivdal ("the world of separation," i.e., separate intelligences) or olam ha-nevu'ah ("the world of prophecy"), olam ha-tekhunah ("the world of astronomy") and olam ha-beḥinah ("the world of trial") which is olam ha-shafel ("the terrestrial world," Tarbiz, 2 (1939), 436–42). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Scholem, in: Madda'ei ha-Yahadut, 2 (1927), 163–293; idem, in: Tarbiz, 2–5 (1931–34); Toledano, in: Ha-Ẓofeh 13 (1931), 261–7; G. Scholem, Les Origines de la Kabbale (1966), 310–4, 376–82. (Gershom Scholem)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JACOB BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (mid 13th century), Spanish kabbalist. Jacob was born in Soria and lived for some time in Segovia. He wandered among the Jewish communities in Spain and Provence, looking for remnants of earlier kabbalistic writings and traditions preserved by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EPHRAIM BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (1616–1678), rabbinic authority. Ephraim served as a judge in Vilna together with shabbetai kohen and aaron samuel koidanover in the bet din of his teacher, moses ben isaac judah lima . During the Swedish War (1655), Ephraim fled from Vilna to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AARON BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL — (end of 13th and first half of 14th century), Provençal scholar. Despite his name, he was probably not from Lunel but from Narbonne, where his forefathers lived. In his well known work Orḥot Ḥayyim he makes frequent mention of the customs of Nar… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Sheshet — Perfet (1326 ndash; 1408) (Hebrew: יצחק בן ששת) was a Spanish Talmudic authority, also know by his acronym, Rivash (ריב ש). He was born at Valencia and settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha Kohen, under Hasdai ben… …   Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN SHESHET PERFET — (known as Ribash from the initials of R abbi Isaac Ben Sheshet; 1326–1408), Spanish rabbi and halakhic authority. Perfet was born in Barcelona, where he studied under such eminent scholars as Pereẓ ha Kohen, Ḥasdai b. Judah Crescas (the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac Ben Chechet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chechet (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac ben Sheshet — Isaac ben Chechet Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chechet (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac ben chechet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chechet (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISAAC BEN NOAH KOHEN SHAPIRA — (late 16th–early 17th century), Polish rabbi and author. Isaac received his talmudic education at the yeshivah of his uncle, Ḥayyim b. Samuel, rabbi in Kremenets. At an early age he was appointed rabbi in Gorodnitsa, later serving in Mezhirech.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”